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Univerzitet u Zenici
  Doctoral theses defended at the University in Zenica

Date and place of thesis defense:
22.01.2014.godine, Zenica
mr.don Anto Ledić
Dr.sc. Refik Ćatić i komentor Dr.sc. Pavo Jurešić

Thesis title:

Concept of management in marital relationships in order to improve the lives of families

Doctoral thesis presents and brings a number of historical facts, including specific things of everyday life, as well as the conclusions of crucial importance, both from the points of view of Catholic teaching on the family as well as models of successful functioning of the family as a pillar of society. Doctoral thesis is formulated in several sections, which this form of work requires. It is fully complied with and contained of: Introduction, Theoretical and methodological frames of work, The management in the service of organization of family life, The conceptual definition of the family unit, The historical development of matrimony, The cause of disintegration and disorganization of modern families, Intra and intergenerational relationships in the family, The position of women and men and family responsibilities in theological doctrine and Christian tradition, Mixed marriages and their issues, Social teaching of the Catholic church and its model of family management, The degree of rational self-respect, care and devotion to self and family, Fertility as a motivation for parenthood, Marital instability, Research and results gained, The Final considerations, Summary of the article in Croatian and English, List of literature used to process issues as well as an index of Bible and Qur'an abbreviations.
The content of dissertation under the title "CONCEPT OF MANAGEMENT IN MARITAL RELATIONSHIPS IN ORDER TO IMPROVE THE LIVES OF FAMILIES" was displayed on the computer processed 295 pages of text, of which the basic text refers to 274 pages, and the rest is the used literature and contributions. During the research the candidate has used 250 multilingual bibliographies, 17 documents of the Catholic Church, 28 scientific articles, 71 Internet sources. In addition to used books and manuals, studies and articles, newsletters, subordinate legislation and Internet sources, of which a significant number refers to the original research studies by eminent authors and scholars who deal with the problem in question, the author conducted a survey of anonymous character-related issues.The dissertation is structured in a three-part: introductory part, the theoretical part of the problem, divided into 12 units and their subunits and research results because the work is not exclusively theoretical in nature.
The introductory part the candidate begins with the motto of the writer Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy, "All happy families resemble one another, each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way", which can be taken for the leitmotif of the entire thesis but also it can be taken as mirrors of the current crisis that we are unwilling to find modern family. Here the author presents the concept of work and seeks to elucidate issues that, if it is already impossible to resolve, noting that key moment of "eureka" and almost impossible, as the traditional, religious, cultural as well as personal worldview.Difficulties that families face are universal, but resolving the same as well as vary spatially as well as temporally. In the paper is emphasized one distorted interpretation of the concept of modernity, where it brings the situated and other luxurious components which today's society gives importance, touches topics of cohabitation communities, of extramarital communities with or without children, as well as the legalization of same sex marriages. It should not in any moment ignore the fact that the author talked with particular pacifist position of the Catholic Church as its monk. Speaking about the main issues which the author clarifies based on the fundamental position of general sociology, its partial substructure in the form of family sociology, urban and rural sociology, sociology of fashion, sociology of religion and sociology of culture. Not neglecting relations of sociology with other social sciences that explain the historical process of how the society and its basic family units, the author talks about the relationship between sociology and history, which explains the necessity of the connection of these two sciences to better understand today's society.
Relevance of psychology in sociological research the author discusses through two theories: psycholinguistic (which argues that social phenomena resulted from the psychological causes) and social psychologist theory (whose attitude to the social circumstances in which an individual lives determines his psychic content). However, the candidate comes to the conclusion that none of these theories is not entirely correct because social phenomena resulted by synthesis of psychological and social components.The relationship of sociology and religion emphasizes that religion through its religious institutions and moral principles essentially influences on society and the correlation between people. Besides that, it explains correlations of social sciences; the author goes deep into history in order to review the considerations and experiencing historically relevant figures in the conception of man as an individual, marriage as an institution, the family as a particular community and ultimately society as a whole.
Intellectual development of relations in the ancient period and the emergence of the polis, there is division of labor on the physical and spiritual which retreats the occurrence of the antagonistic classes of slaves and slave owners. The author concludes that in this period it was formed a monogamous marriage.Presenting the concept of Plato's "The Republic" as a compound of Aristotle's philosophy distinguishes three positions at which the function of society guided by reason and the moral life of the citizens should be based on the fact that man is by nature sociable, the state needs the necessary common interests and goals of the citizens and the task of the state is to direct society towards the common good. It is also essentially mention the Platonic attitude of human division in the body, which belongs to the transient world of decaying matter and the soul which is eternal and immortal, it was and will be.The author with a lot of attention relies on the Aristotelian concept of the family as well as the attitude towards women that Aristotle holds inferior to men both anatomical as well as psychological and ethical perspective. The author notes that according to Aristotle's understanding of public company without a family is unthinkable unlike Plato's attitude. Based on some legal sources, such as the Law Code of Gortyn, author concludes how the family was at that time and in particular what was the position of the Athenian and Spartan women.Moral principles of Roman culture, based on a unique family were characterized by strong assembly spousal life, fidelity to ancestors, and wife’s subordination to her husband. The author states that in Roman times marriage was valid with the consent of both parties as values today. The author makes a sudden reversal of historic crossing with a family tradition in the time of ancient Greece and Rome and continues with the problems of postmodern family and its problems, highlighting the fact that throughout the history the family has experienced many different transformations. These changes have brought with them not only the transformation of the living conditions of the individual but the entire family.At the beginning of the twentieth century it comes to the intense process the transformation of society from classical to contemporary times. Since social transformation comes to the fore thereby it leads to expansion of family interpersonal change in the relationship between the partners. A man is experiencing sudden reversal due to industrialization and urbanization, and he entersthrough wide door into the era of modern times. Transformation of the family the author sees through the prism of the technological revolution, modernism, postmodernism disregarding the contemporary social reality, which is also called the transition era, urbanization and globalization.Postmodern era sees through the positive and negative aspects of movement within the family. The positive side of these transitions is seen in the employment of women, in equalization of their psychosomatic values with men but such negative phenomena emphasizes reduced educational function of a mother who spends less time with her children. Throughout history, women have slowly emancipated. On it were acting elements of tradition as well as economic dependence. It was only with the industrial revolution when it comes to a complete emancipation and recognition of women's rights.The work is mainly engaged in the last monogamous family type, and alternative lifestyles: solitary life, cohabitation, marriage without children, single parents and same sex couples as well as the issue of legalization of such marriages. The author, using the Social Doctrine of the Church, referring to the lex naturalis, emphasizes that marriage represents legal community of a husband and a wife, and the family implies a community of spouses and their children, whether it is a biological or non-biological children. As a big problem today it draws attention to increasingly frequent divorces. In every community there are rules and legal practices, which regulate marriage and the divorce of marriage partners. Somewhere the sufficient reason for the exposures of marriage is incompetence of women to give birth to (male) children, somewhere it is the husband's inability to support the family, and somewhere the other issues that are the result of tradition and the civilization. However, in some cultures, for example, there is no Catholic divorce, but the couples begin to live apart, "divorce from bed and board."In legal practice, there are two types of arguments in divorce: one holds that one of the spouses is guilty and the other completely innocent of the failure of matrimony while other legal practice does not recognize the guilt.
Because of different "justified" reasons of divorce and the appearance of family disorganization the author of the thesis raises the question of “whether and how the concept of management can help today's man in improving family life?” Structural analyses as well as the ways of functioning of modern and postmodern family the author attempts to analyze the family and he concludes that the postmodern family became the product of time with a number of advantages and disadvantages.Postmodern families are often in small numbers and independent, also based on the understanding of the value of life through an electronic representation of intensity and mental labor and contacts are reduced to indirect, media, progressively leading to unstable physical, symbolic, social and other relationships. Modern families are faced with a number of causes that they disintegrated and disorganized like alcoholism, lack of communication, lack of concern for the education of their children, acts of violence, abuse and manipulation.Therefore, the author concludes that for the family functioning is necessary to have healthy relationships, both intergenerational as well as intergeneration. Since the matrimonial instability, especially divorce, one of the major stressors in children is explained how divorce affects children and how they can help children to adjust to the new situation.
In this thesis the author presents a number of causes that lead to divorce marriages by presenting a detailed analysis of the most destructive phenomena which are an indication of the failure of the marriage partners to achieve mutual goals and proposes some of the organizational parameters which entail management. Among other he emphasizes that many authors putthe communication problem to the first place but alcoholism and neglect of the education of children are in second place.Apart from these elements of family destabilization there are given numerous of types of violence which are exposed to both adults and children. Although it seems that the causes are listed specifically, the author refers to the theory of some authors that help develop the quality of marriage and marital stability and they are: theories of social exchange, behavioral theory of marital quality and marital relationships, attachment theory and theories of marriage and family crisis.
According to statistical analysis, which was conducted on 128 parents (60 divorced, 60 not divorced and 8 in phase of separation, and 60 children of which 30 are from divorced and 30 from non-divorced families), most divorced parents enter into a new marriage. At the end of the empirical part the author presents the results of a study carried out by interviewing participants in different cities of Bosnia and Herzegovina. An analysis of those surveyed various social stratification emerged that there are different views in almost all relationships of life.People who are in matrimonial communities have more positive opinions and views on life in general. It turned out that communication is one of the essential factors of joint action, and organizations within the family as the fundamental and initial step towards better regulation. In both categories, the children were and remained the most important factor in the family almost as obligatory norm. Religiousness for people who are not married is not shown as a fundamental and obligatory factor as is the case with people who are married where they are without doubt one of the most important factors.Thus, religiousness and spirituality significantly influence the maintenance of the family almost as well as the birth and maintenance of the species. Families who have a serious approach to life very quickly perceived misunderstandings which necessarily derive from a divorce. The author points out that until the family becomes imperative, cannot be achieved successful functioning of society.Therefore, the role of Homo sapiens should endure the pressure deviation of all kinds of social stratification in the period of absolute authentication, axiological thinking about the future types, you should resist the decline in the incidence of various deformations of same sex to homo plasticusa. Or at least it does not ask for value.

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