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Univerzitet u Zenici
  Doctoral theses defended at the University in Zenica

Date and place of thesis defense:
15.07.2011., Pedagogical Faculty, Zenica
mr. sc. Edina Solak
prof. dr. sc. Hanka Vajzović

Thesis title:

Discussions on Language in Bosnia-Herzegovina from 1850 to 1914


In the study titled Rasprave o jeziku u Bosni i Hercegovini u periodu od 1850. do 1914. godine (Discussions on Language in Bosnia-Herzegovina from 1850 to 1914) we try to bring focus to certain important sociolinguistic features of the linguistic policy in Bosnia-Herzegovina in the given period. After the introduction on the generally encountered difficulties in language nomination, we give certain general and some less familiar facts about the language in Bosnia in the post-standardization period, where special attention is given to language nomination at the time. We focus on the attitude of the Ottoman Empire towards language nomination in the Yugoslav region, and a special reference is made about language nomination in Bosnia. From the beginning of the 19th century onwards, it was evident that language reforms were being born, and that the language was, more and more, becoming a tool of the regional or national identification and politicization. Following Tanzimat reforms, there are systematic reforms of the Bosnian education system. At the time of Topal Osman-pasha, viz. the time when the first printing press was opened in Bosnia, more attention is being paid to the official language nomination, its standardization and codification, in terms of both orthography and literary expression.

In the chapter titled Rasprave o jeziku u Bosni od dolaska austrougarske vlasti do aneksije (Discussions on Language in Bosnia after Arrival of Austro-Hungarian Rule until Annexation), the attempt is to offer a detailed account of the realistic historic and sociolinguistic frame for leading the language policy in Bosnia-Herzegovina, with the tendency to, by means of ‘debates on language’, determine a realistic role of the ‘debates on language’ on different levels and in different media. In this study, special attention is given to certain aspects of leading the official language policy within the education system of the Empire, with a special reference to the education system in Bosnia-Herzegovina. While looking for arguments for the above-mentioned sociolinguistic reality and phenomena in the linguistic policy of Bosnia-Herzegovina after the annexation, we focus on the general presence of the debates on language in the following Muslim journals. It is interesting that in the above-given journals, the debate on language loses importance, and the debates, in the real sense of the word, are almost non-existent. On the other hand, Serbian and Croatian journals in Bosnia-Herzegovina from 1907 to 1914 continue with the recognizable policy on two levels: the official policy of the ‘Serbo-Croatian language’ and the national policy of the Serbian or Croatian language.

Key words:
discussions, Ottoman Empire, nomination, language reforms, Tanzimat reforms, Austro-Hungarian Rule, standardization, language policy

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